What is Protein?
Protein is a nutrient essential for the body to function. It is made up of amino acids and organic compounds and proteins are the building blocks for muscle. Proteins are also used for many other bodily functions like neurotransmission, an example of this includes the haemoglobin that carries oxygen in blood is a protein.
The main role of protein is to build, repair and replace things like tissue. Other things could include:
- Structural like collagen
Types of protein foods
There are three main types of protein foods:
Complete proteins – These are foods that contain all the essential amino acids and are most commonly meat, dairy and eggs.
Incomplete proteins – These foods contain at least one essential amino acid. They are usually plant foods like beans, rice, and grains.
Complementary proteins- These are two foods containing incomplete proteins combined to create a complete protein. An example could be bread and peanut butter.
When it comes to deciding how much protein should be consumed daily the answers vary. It is recommended a person should consume 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight each day. If we apply this to the average person living in the UK this would be around 67 grams of protein for a man weighing 83.6kg and 56 grams for a woman weighing 70.2kg. However, people may alter their protein intake to reach their fitness goals. An example could include increasing your protein intake to increase muscle growth. It’s important a person does not consume too much protein as this can lead to calcium loss, kidney damage and even heart disease. Although high protein diets can be effective in building muscle it can have side effects if not properly calculated.
Although whole foods are the best way to consume protein there are many supplements used to increase a person’s daily protein intake. These are favoured by athletes and bodybuilders as they are fast adsorbing, meaning the protein is broken down and used quicker, and they are easy to consume and have little to none preparing time compared to food. There are many different types of these supplements to meet someone’s needs for example diet protein offers high protein with low calories, fat, and carbohydrates whereas whey protein will be higher in protein and calories. This makes it easier for someone to reach dietary and fitness goals as they can choose how their protein supplement is formulated.
Why not head over to our store to see the protein supplements available?